The testosterone test is a simple test ordered by your physician to measure the level of testosterone in the blood or saliva. Testosterone is the main sex hormone in men, though it is produced in both men and women. It plays a major role in puberty and fertility. High and low testosterone levels can lead to serious health complications if left untreated. So, we highly recommend everyone to get tested for testosterone levels if you experience any of the symptoms that are caused by high or low testosterone levels.
The article below covers all the significant topics that are relevant to the testosterone test. We cover testosterone test cost, types of testosterone tests, normal testosterone levels, symptoms of high and low testosterone, procedure, testosterone saliva home test kit, preparation, risks, and how to get tested for a testosterone test.
For our readers, who are very much interested in knowing the testosterone test cost beforehand, we would like to begin with that section.
How much does a testosterone test cost?
Testosterone test cost ranges between $49 and $119 in different labs and facilities across the U.S. The cost of testosterone test also depends on the type of testosterone test and the choice of your visiting the nearest lab or getting tested at home using the testosterone saliva home test kit. To know more about the testosterone saliva test kit and to view and compare the prices of testosterone tests in different labs offered by different providers, click the button below.
Types of testosterone test
2. Testosterone free test – This test measures only free testosterone.
Testosterone test cost with insurance
Most of the health insurance policies in the U.S. cover the cost of the testosterone test. However, the coverage offered by private health insurance companies and national health insurance programs like Medicare and Medicaid varies widely. So we recommend you to check the coverage of your health insurance plan with the insurance company before getting tested for testosterone levels.
Our testosterone testing providers do not accept any kind of health insurance plan. But, on request, they can provide you with an itemized receipt containing all the details like the name and code of the test, and CPT code which is necessary for insurance reimbursement purposes.
What is testosterone?
Testosterone is a hormone produced by the testicles in men and the ovaries in women (in much smaller amounts). It is also produced by the adrenal glands in both men and women. This hormone is the main sex hormone in men and plays a vital role in puberty and fertility.
During a boy’s puberty, this hormone causes the growth of body hair, enlargement of the penis, development of muscle strength, and deepening of the voice. In adults, it is mostly associated with sex drive, sperm production, and maintaining muscle mass. The testosterone production will be higher during puberty and drops after a certain age.
In addition to the above, testosterone also helps in the production of red blood cells.
Why is a testosterone test done?
The testosterone test is done to measure the levels of the testosterone hormone. In males, it helps to diagnose the causes of erectile dysfunction and infertility. In women, it helps to diagnose the causes for PCOS (poly-cystic ovarian syndrome) and masculine physical features.
Also, your physician will order a testosterone test if you experience the following symptoms that are caused by high and low testosterone levels.
Symptoms of low testosterone levels
- Poor concentration
- Low sex drive
- Low sperm count
- Erectile dysfunction
- Decreased body hair
- Low muscle mass
- Osteoporosis (weakened bones)
- Swollen breasts
- Early or delayed puberty (in boys)
- Fertility problems
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Amenorrhea (absent menstrual periods)
- Vaginal dryness
- Decreases sex drive
Symptoms of high testosterone levels
- Early puberty (in boys)
- Excess body hair
- High blood pressure
- Increased risk-taking behaviors
- High libido (increased sex drive)
- Oily skin
- Deep voice
- Excess hair on the face or body
- Darkened areas of skin
- Hair loss (Baldness)
- Irregular periods
Normal levels of testosterone
Generally, the testosterone levels are at a peak in the early morning and low in the evening. The normal testosterone levels vary depending on age and gender. The standard levels of testosterone total are given below.
- Age 19 to 49 – 249 to 836 ng/dl (nanograms per deciliter)
- Age 50 and older – 193 to 740 ng/dl
- Age 19 to 49 – 8 to 48 ng/dl
- Age 50 and older – 2 to 41 ng/dl
How is the testosterone test done?
1. Testosterone blood test
It takes less than 5 to 10 minutes to perform this test.
2. Testosterone saliva home test kit
Is there any preparation required before the test?
There is no special preparation required for the testosterone blood test or saliva test. There is no constraint on the diet. But, your physician may ask you to stop certain medications that include androgen therapy, steroids, anticonvulsants, barbiturates, clomiphene, and estrogen therapy. Because these medications can affect testosterone levels and result in an inaccurate diagnosis.
As the hormone levels keep changing throughout the day, your physician may ask you to repeat the test to track the hormone changes.
Are there any risks in the test?
There are no possible risks or complications in taking the testosterone saliva test. But after the blood sample is drawn, you might feel dizziness, slight pain, bruise or redness in the injected area for a very little period. If there is any abnormal bleeding in the injected area, inform your physician immediately.
What does the test result mean?
The high and low testosterone levels indicate different medical conditions in men, women, and children.
High testosterone levels may indicate the possibility of a tumor in the testicles or adrenal glands. The low testosterone levels may indicate the possibility of genetic diseases such as Klinefelter, Kallman, and Prader-Willi syndromes, a problem in the pituitary gland or testicular failure.
If the testosterone levels are higher than the normal, it indicates the possibility of cancer in the testicles or adrenal glands. Low levels of testosterone indicate that there is some problem in the testicles.
How to treat high and low testosterone levels?
Testosterone supplements will be prescribed by your physician to increase the testosterone levels. A proper combination of diet and physical exercise, and a healthy lifestyle can help to maintain the testosterone levels naturally.
If appropriate and necessary, your physician might order luteinizing hormone (LH) test as this hormone stimulates and controls the testosterone production.
The testosterone test can be done in any of the following locations across the U.S. either by visiting the nearest lab or getting tested at home using the saliva test kit. To know the testosterone test cost, refer to the first section of the article.
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