Spotting blood in urine and reasons for the cause is not much complicated in terms of diagnosis and treatment. But still, that can be assured only when reported early and taken medications in the initial stage. In this article, we interpret in detail the STDs that cause blood in the urine.
Below is the table of contents for your reference:
- Why do I see blood in the urine?
- What is hematuria?
- What is STD?
- What are the signs and symptoms of an STD?
- What are the types of STDs that cause blood in urine?
- Blood in urine male
- Why do I feel a burning sensation while urinating?
- What is the treatment for blood in urine?
- How can I get tested sitting at home for STDs causing blood in urine?
- How much is the cost of STD Testing near me in the US?
- Providers Location
Why do I see blood in urine?
Finding blood in the urine can be stressful and make you concerned about what to do next. In this situation, a sense of fear can be eventually instilled in you, we advise you to not get panicked and to proceed calmly as they are not signs of any life-threatening problem. Usually, healthy urine should not have any noticeable amounts of blood. And it’s important to know whether it is blood in the first place.
Occasionally and naturally, the color of urine will turn red or dark brown due to the over-consuming of beetroot and food dye. This condition is completely casual because the color reverts to normal as the food exists from the digestive system. And, women are advised to be more specific in knowing the blood is coming from the urine and not as vaginal bleeding or rectum.
The STDs that most commonly cause blood in the urine are Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. The following are some reasons to know what does blood in urine means.
What is hematuria?
The medical name for blood in urine is “hematuria”. There are two forms of hematuria, one, if the blood is visible to the naked eye, it’s macroscopic hematuria, or “visible hematuria”. Or, if you need lab tests to confirm the appearance of red blood cells, then it’s “non-visible hematuria” or microscopic. Generally, seeing blood at a noticeable amount or colored urine ( pale yellow color, pink, red, brownish-red, or tea-colored), is what physicians call gross hematuria.
The kidney eliminates the urine. The blood in the urine must have occurred from within the kidneys, or urinary bladder.
What is an STD?
Sexually Transmitted Disease is the full form of STD and also known as STIs. Sexually transmitted diseases are infections caused by germs like bacteria, yeast, viruses, and parasites that grow in the genital areas as they are moist and warm and can be spread through sexual contact with the infected person. STIs are generally transmitted through sexual contact including anal, vaginal, or oral sexual contact, with the infected person and sometimes through blood or skin contact.
What are the signs and symptoms of an STD?
The signs and symptoms of STD don’t show up during the early stages and the infected person can be walking around with STD for several without evening knowing about it. Usually, the signs appear in the second week since the contraction of the disease. The most common symptoms of STDs are
- Abnormal vaginal/penile discharge
- Pain while urinating
- Pain in the back or lower abdomen
- Heavy menstrual bleeding in women
- Blood in urine
- Swelling and pain in the testicles
- Anal itching
- Unexplained weight loss
- Joint pain
What are the STDs that cause blood in urine?
Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are the two types of STD with blood in urine symptoms.
1. STD with blood in urine – Chlamydia
Chlamydia is one of the highest reported sexually transmitted infections in the U.S. The microbes sometimes create an infection in the urethra which can cause a urinary tract infection (UTI). Chlamydia can cause pain and discomfort during urination such as a burning sensation while urinating and a urge to urinate frequently.
In women, untreated chlamydia infection could travel from the cervix to the fallopian tubes, which can then cause more noticeable symptoms of chlamydia including heavy periods, itching, swelling in the vulva, dysuria, and vaginal discharge.
If the symptoms are ignored, then the infectious bacteria can cause serious damage to the kidneys and urinary tract. Ultimately, leading to permanent kidney problems that can take the life-long cost for treatment.
2. STD with blood in urine – Gonorrhea
In men, gonorrhea, the clap STD shows symptoms like abnormal discharge, testicular and scrotal pain, inflammation around the penis. In rare cases, it may also result in infertility.
In women, discharge from a gonorrhea infection can be yellow with visible hints of blood. Other signs include
Pain or bleeding during sex
Bleeding between periods
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Blood in urine male
Prostate gland enlargement affects nearly 50 percent of adults between the age group of 51-60 years, and up to 90 percent of old men above the age of 80.
The prostate is a gland that sits below the bladder and in front of the rectum in the male reproductive system, it aids in semen production. As men get older, the prostate gland tends to enlarge and press down on the urethra, making urination difficult. The bladder may compensate by pushing harder to eliminate urine, which could result in damage and bleeding.
The medical expression for an enlarged prostate is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).
BPH symptoms are:
- Urgent need to urinate
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Difficulty starting urination
- Need for strain while passing urine
- Intermittent urine flow
- A sense of full bladder even after urinating
- Blood in urine
What are the Other Causes for Blood in Urine?
Following are some of the other causes of blood in the urine. However, if you are sexually active and having more than one sex partner, then STDs will likely be the cause.
1) Infection (urinary tract infection/sexually transmitted infection)
A. Chlamydia STD – Chlamydia is caused by microbes and sometimes it can result in serious infection in the urethra which can lead to urinary tract infection (UTI). Thus chlamydia can lead to blood in the urine.
B. Gonorrhea STD – Gonorrhea is one of the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infections in the U.S. The bacteria affects the moist area like the genitals, urethra, rectum, vagina, and throat. Bloody urine, itching, abnormal discharge are the symptoms of this STI. Gonorrhea is an STD with blood in urine as one of its symptoms.
C. Urinary Tract Infections – They are of two types i.e. lower tract infection (also known as bladder infections) and upper tract infection. UTIs can be easily treated but if it is left untreated it can lead to severe kidney problems resulting in permanent kidney damage.
Nephrolithiasis refers to kidney stones that are slowly formed inside the kidney due to deposits of minerals and acid salts, they often cause irritation and discomfort while passing urine. Kidney stones are also one of the main reasons to spot blood in the urine.
3) Kidney disease
Kidney diseases like chronic kidney disease (CKD) also known as kidney failure can also be the cause of blood in the urine. This can be a result of excessive fluid waste that gets deposited in the kidney where it can no longer filter.
4) Prostate gland enlargement
Prostate gland enlargement causes blood in urine in men and it is not prostate cancer. As men get older, the prostate gland gets enlarged. This can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder.
Pancreatic cancer and liver infections cause dark brown-colored urine. Skin cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, or kidney cancer can also result in colored urine.
Kidney injury due to an accident or through sports.
The cause for blood in the urine (hematuria) can be a result of taking certain drugs like such as aspirin, cyclophosphamide, heparin, and penicillin.
8) Strenuous exercise
“Exercise-induced hematuria” means strenuous exercise includes very intense exercises, long endurance events, and poor hydration. In general, the urine clears 72 hours after exercise. Sometimes, if the blood in urine keeps appearing after 72 hours, it needs to be reported.
9) Hematologic disorders
Conditions like sickle cell anemia, hereditary illnesses, or cystic kidney disease. Also, tumors in the bladder, kidney, or prostate might be a reason for blood in the urine.
In short, if you detect bright red blood in your urine or if your urine has turned red or brown because it has blood in it then we recommend consulting a medical physician if this symptom persists for several days.
Why do I feel a burning sensation while urinating?
Pain or burning sensation during urination can be a sign of Sexually Transmitted Infections. STDs that can cause a burning sensation while urinating are:
- Gonorrhea (the clap STD)
Although, it can occur due to kidney stones or urinary tract infections. You should also check the color of your urine to detect the presence of blood.
Abnormal discharge from genitals
Unusual discharge from the penis/vagina is generally a symptom of an STD or another infection. STDs that can cause discharge include:
These infections can be cured with antibiotics. It’s important to take the medication and complete the full course of it as it has prescribed.
What is the treatment for blood in urine?
Firstly, recognizing the cause of blood in urine is vital and the treatment will be prescribed to cater to the type of infection.
If the blood in urine is caused due to STDs like chlamydia and gonorrhea, it can be treated using antibiotics and antiviral drugs like Azithromycin and Ceftriaxone. It is very important to consume all the antibiotics prescribed by the physician even after you do not experience any symptoms.
A periodic STD testing regimen is important for everyone’s sexual health.
How can I get tested sitting at home for STD blood in urine?
Many healthcare providers in the U.S. offer STD testing. We have partnered with the top three laboratories network that offers affordable and discreet STD testing across the country.
One of our testing providers offers the STD home-test kit. People who are not convenient in testing for STDs at an STD clinic or who do not have time to visit the lab mostly prefer the home test kits. At home, the STD testing requires a sample taken using a cotton swab in the infected genital areas. Before taking the sample, read the instructions carefully mentioned in the kit and when the sample is ready, post it back to the given address.
How much is the cost of STD Testing near me in the US?
STD testing cost ranges between $24 and $444 in different labs and facilities across the U.S. No prior appointment is required. Compare the price, order your test online and visit the nearest lab during lab business hours or shop the STD home testing kit. Complete the procedure and get the results in your email in 2 to 3 business days.
Our below-mentioned STD testing providers do not accept any health insurance policy but, on request, they can provide the itemized receipt which is necessary for insurance reimbursement purposes.
The following table shows the cost of the STD test and STD home test kit at 3 of our partner laboratories (CLIA – Certified) network located across the U.S.
Name of our Partner Labs
Test provider locations
The STD test can be done in any of the following states either at the provider’s location or sitting at home.
- New Hampshire
- New Mexico
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Puerto Rico
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
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