According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 30 million Americans have Diabetes and every 1 in 4 of those people, actually do not know they have Diabetes. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. So we highly recommend people with Diabetes to do routine Diabetes tests to monitor the blood sugar level. We also recommend people with normal blood sugar levels to get screened for Diabetes at least once in a year.
The article below covers all the relevant topics of Diabetes like the Diabetes test cost, types of Diabetes, symptoms, risk factors, complications, and how to get tested for Diabetes.
For our readers who would like to know more about the different Diabetes tests and their cost beforehand, we begin with that section.
How much does the Diabetes test cost?
Diabetes test cost ranges between $11 and $550 in different labs and facilities across the U.S. The above-mentioned diabetes test cost depends on the choice of your testing for specific Diabetes tests like Hemoglobin A1c test, Glucose test, Gestational diabetes test, etc. or testing for Diabetes (Diabetes profile test, Comprehensive Diabetes profile test, etc.) as a whole package. To view and compare the prices offered by different providers, and to know more about the different diabetes tests and the tests covered in different diabetes packages, click on the button below.
Diabetes test cost with insurance
Most of the health insurance policies in the U.S. cover the cost of Diabetes tests only once or twice a year. In case, if your physician recommends you to take the diabetes tests more frequently, then the cost should be paid out of your pocket. As the coverage offered by private health insurers and national health insurance programs varies widely, we recommend you to check with your insurance company.
Our Diabetes testing providers do not accept any health insurance. But they can provide you an itemized receipt containing all the details like the test name and code, and CPT code which is necessary for insurance reimbursement purposes.
What is Diabetes?
Types of Diabetes
1. Type 1 Diabetes
2. Type 2 Diabetes
4. Gestational Diabetes
Symptoms of Diabetes
- Increased hunger
- Increased thirst
- Unusual weight loss
- Blurry vision
- Mood changes
- Frequent urination
- Sores or wounds that do not heal
How is Diabetes diagnosed?
- Body mass index (BMI) higher than 25
- Above 45 years of age
- Diagnosed with gestational Diabetes
Your physician will order the Hemoglobin A1c test to check and monitor the blood glucose level in the body. This test shows the average blood sugar level in the last 3 months. If the A1c levels are higher than normal, your physician will order the following tests to diagnose diabetes.
- Random blood sugar test (blood sample taken at a random time)
- Fasting blood sugar test (blood sample taken after overnight fasting)
- Oral glucose tolerance test (sugary liquid is given orally after overnight fasting to test the sugar levels periodically)
- Initial glucose challenge test
- Follow-up glucose tolerance test
How is the Diabetes test performed?
All the above-mentioned tests are simple blood tests. The phlebotomist will wrap a tight elastic band around the upper arm to make the veins visible and swell with blood. Then, he will inject a needle into the vein to draw some blood. The collected blood sample is stored in a test tube and sent to the lab for analysis.
If you are diagnosed with Diabetes and your physician suggests you to monitor the glucose level more frequently, you are not required to visit the lab more often. The test can be easily done using Diabetes test strips. These are disposable plastic strips which help diabetes patients in monitoring their blood glucose level. Read the instructions carefully mentioned in the box containing the test strips or in the information leaflet to do the test and check the result without any confusion.
Is there any preparation required before the test?
Some diabetes tests require overnight fasting. Otherwise, no special preparation is required. However, consult your physician regarding the preparation for your diabetes test.
How is Diabetes treated?
Regardless of the type of diabetes, blood sugar monitoring, healthy diet, and physical activity play a major role in the treatment. Type 1 Diabetes can be treated with insulin therapy like insulin injections and insulin pumps. In some people, a pancreas transplant would be an option. Type 2 Diabetes can be managed with changes in the lifestyle, medications and routine checking of blood sugar level. Controlling the blood sugar levels with proper diet and physical activity is the only way to manage gestational diabetes and to avoid any further complications in the mother and the baby.
Normal blood sugar levels
According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the normal blood sugar levels should be 80-130 mg/dL before eating a meal (fasting), and less than 180 mg/dL about 1-2 hours after eating a meal. If the blood sugar levels are higher or lower than the normal, you might be at risk of getting diabetes or prediabetes.
What are the risk factors and complications of Diabetes?
The following factors can increase the risk of getting Diabetes.
- Above 45 years of age
- Family history of having any type of Diabetes
- Had gestational Diabetes
- High blood pressure
- High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides
- No physical activity
The following factors can increase the risk of getting gestational Diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes in the past pregnancy
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- Family history of type 2 Diabetes
Complications of Diabetes
- Cardiovascular disease
- Nerve damage (neuropathy)
- Kidney damage (nephropathy)
- Eye damage (retinopathy)
- Foot damage
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Hearing loss
- Bacterial and fungal infections
- Premature birth
- Type 2 Diabetes later
- Low glucose
- Excess weight at birth
How to prevent Diabetes?
A healthy lifestyle, proper low carb diet, and physical activity are the only ways to prevent Diabetes.
Diabetes tests can be done in any of the following locations by visiting the lab near you. To know more about the Diabetes test cost, refer to the first section of the article.
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