Complete blood count test (CBC) is a blood test ordered by your physician as a part of routine health check-up. The article below covers all the important topics of complete blood count test like CBC test cost, procedure, preparation, normal levels of blood cells and how to get tested for complete blood count test.
For our readers, who are more interested in knowing the complete blood count test cost beforehand, we begin with that section.
How much does the complete blood count test cost?
CBC test cost ranges between $19 and $39 in different labs and facilities across the U.S. To view and compare the prices in different labs offered by different providers, click the button below.
CBC test cost with insurance
Many health insurance policies in the U.S. cover the cost of the complete blood count test when it is done once or twice a year. If your physician recommends you to take the CBC test more than twice in a year, you may have to pay the medical bill out of pocket. Also, the coverage offered by private health insurance policies and national health insurance programs varies widely. So we recommend you to check with your insurance company.
Our CBC testing providers do not accept any health insurance. But, on request, they can provide you with a receipt containing all the details like the name and code of the test, and CPT code which is necessary for insurance reimbursement purposes.
What is a complete blood count test?
Complete blood count (CBC) test is a simple blood test done to evaluate the overall health and to measure the cells that make up your blood. The CBC test also measures the chemicals and other substances to determine the overall health of the body.
Why is a complete blood count test done?
Your physician may order a complete blood count test in the case of the following conditions.
- As a part of routine check-up
- Check for anemia or other disorders
- To diagnose a medical condition if you experience some symptoms like weakness, fatigue, fever, swelling, bruising or bleeding.
- To monitor a medical condition and the medical treatment
What does the complete blood count test measure?
Complete blood count test measures the following cells that make up the blood.
1. White blood cells
White blood cells (WBCs) help our body to fight against the infection. High levels of WBCs indicate you might have an inflammation whereas low levels indicate you are at a risk for infection.
2. Red blood cells
Red blood cells (RBCs) are very important as they deliver oxygen throughout the body. If the red blood cell count is lower than normal, then you may have anemia.
Hemoglobin (Hb) is a protein present in the blood which carries oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body.
Hematocrit value gives information about how much blood is comprised of red blood cells. A low score indicates you are lacking iron and a high score indicates you are dehydrated or may suffer from another condition.
5. Mean corpuscular volume
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) is the average size of red blood cells. When the size is bigger than normal, you may have low vitamin B12 or folate levels. If RBCs are smaller in size, you could have a type of anemia.
Platelets are very important as they are necessary for blood clotting. Complete blood count test also measures the number of platelets in your blood.
7. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin
8. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
9. Red cell distribution width
10. Reticulocyte count
11. Mean platelet volume
Mean platelet volume (MPV) measures the average size of platelets present in the blood.
12. WBC Differential
Normal levels of blood cells
The normal level of blood cells for both men and women are given below.
How is the complete blood count test performed?
As the name suggests, the complete blood count test is a simple blood test. During this test, a lab technician or a phlebotomist will cleanse the skin with an antiseptic and place an elastic band around the upper arm so that the vein becomes visible and swells with blood. He/she then injects a needle and draws a sample of blood in a test tube. After the blood is drawn, he covers the injected area with a band-aid to stop bleeding. The collected blood sample is then sent to the lab for analysis.
It takes less than 10 minutes to perform this test.
Is there any preparation required before the test?
There is no special preparation required for this test. But if the blood sample is going to be used for other tests, you may have to fast for a certain period. Your concerned physician will give you specific instructions on diet.
Are there any risks in the complete blood count test?
There is no possible risk or complication in taking the complete blood count test. You might have slight pain or bruise in the injected area for a very little period.
What does the complete blood count result mean?
CBC test is not a definitive diagnostic test. So some follow-up tests are required based on the test results and the reason your physician recommended this test. The following are the conditions that cause abnormal CBC and may require additional tests.
- Iron deficiency
- Vitamin and mineral deficiency
- Bleeding disorders
- Heart disease
- Autoimmune disorders
- Problems in the bone marrow
- Inflammation or infection
Complete blood count test can be done in any of the following locations across the U.S. by visiting the nearest lab. To know the CBC test cost, refer to the first section of the article.
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