STDs are sexually transmitted diseases that are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, yeast, and parasites. They can lead to serious health conditions such as infertility if left untreated at an earlier stage of infection. Also, most of the STDs are asymptomatic in their earlier stages. So we highly recommend every sexually active person to get tested for STD screening at least once a year.
The article below covers all the important topics that are relevant to sexually transmitted diseases in Miami, FL. We cover STD testing cost, oral STDs, common STDs found in Miami, how to check for STDs, preparation, treatment, complications, and where to get tested for STDs.
For our readers, who are very much interested in knowing the STD testing cost in Miami, FL we would like to begin with that section.
How much does the STD testing cost in Miami, FL?
STD testing cost ranges between $14 and $444 in different labs and facilities across Miami. The above-mentioned cost also depends on the choice of your specific STD testing (Chlamydia, Syphilis, Herpes, etc.) or testing for all the STDs (STD panel).
To know more about the individual STD testing cost, std panel test cost, tests included in the STD panel and to view and compare the prices offered by different providers in Miami, FL, click the button below.
STDs require two stages of testing. If you experience the symptoms or suspect the possibility of exposure to the infection, screening tests will be done initially to check the presence of microorganisms in the body that cause STD. These test results may be either positive or negative. If the results are positive, further diagnostic tests will be performed to know the exact stage of infection.
STD testing cost in Miami with insurance
Most of the health insurance companies in Miami do not cover the cost of STD screening tests. But they might cover the cost of the additional diagnostic tests performed. However, the coverage offered by private insurance companies and national health insurance programs like Medicare and Medicaid varies widely. So we recommend you to check the coverage of your plan before getting tested for STDs.
Our STD testing providers in Miami, FL offer the screening tests for all the STDs and do not accept any kind of health insurance plan. But, on request, they can provide you with an itemized receipt containing all the details like the name and code of the test, and CPT code that is necessary for insurance reimbursement purposes.
What are STDs and how are they transmitted?
STDs refer to Sexually Transmitted Diseases and sometimes known as Venereal Diseases. Sexually transmitted diseases are infections caused by microorganisms that are spread through sexual contact. The microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, yeast, and parasites grow in the genital areas as they are moist and warm. There are more than 20 types of common sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Herpes, Hepatitis, HIV, Trichomoniasis, and HPV that affect both men and women.
STDs are generally transmitted through sexual contact (anal, vaginal or oral) with the infected person and sometimes through blood or skin contact. Hardly, you may get an STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection) when you come into close contact with the moist objects like towels, wet clothing or toilet seats of the affected person. A pregnant woman can pass the disease to her child at birth.
An STD that is transmitted through oral sex is called oral STD. Oral sex is stimulating the genitals using the mouth or tongue. The most common oral STDs found in the U.S. are Gonorrhea, Syphilis, and Oral Herpes. Oral STD usually affects the mouth and throat of men and women. Fever blisters, sore and painful throat are the common symptoms of oral STDs.
What are the most common STDs found in Miami, FL?
The most common STDs found in Miami are
1. Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
Bacterial vaginosis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in Miami, FL. It is a type of vaginal inflammation that occurs when the bacteria overgrows in the vagina disrupting the natural balance. Mostly it affects the women during their reproductive ages and its cause is not known to date. But, unprotected sex increases the risk of getting bacterial vaginosis. Most women do not experience any symptoms however the some of the common symptoms are
- Foul-smelling vaginal odor
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Unusual vaginal discharge
Bacterial vaginosis can be treated with antibiotics at the early stage of infection. When it is left treated, it may lead to serious complications like preterm birth and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease and it is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. It can be cured only if it is diagnosed and treated at an earlier stage of infection. Some people may get this infection in their eyes which is called Eye Chlamydia. This happens when you touch your eyes without washing the hands after sex. Chlamydia infected people do not experience any kind of symptoms for several weeks but Chlamydia, at the advanced stage can damage the reproductive system resulting in pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility in both men and women. Some of the common symptoms of Chlamydia infection are
- Unusual genital discharges
- Frequent urination
- Pain while urinating
- Excess vaginal bleeding in women
Syphilis, caused by the bacterium called Treponema pallidum is one of the most rising STDs in Miami. Generally, men having sex with men are more vulnerable to syphilis infection. This infection occurs in four stages namely the primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary (advanced) stage. The primary and secondary stages of Syphilis infection are the most infectious while the latent stage does not show any symptoms as the bacteria remain hidden or inactive. The tertiary stage is the last and advanced stage which is dangerous and life-threatening.
In the primary stage, a painless sore called chancre appears on the moist genital areas and rectum indicating that bacterium has entered into the body. Symptoms vary depending on the different stages of infection. The primary and secondary stages of Syphilis infection can be easily cured with a penicillin injection. The tertiary stage may lead to death causing neurological damages and some problems in the eyes and heart.
People with Syphilis infection are at a greater risk of getting HIV infection. Other than sores, there are some common symptoms found in syphilis infected people. They are
- Loss of hair
- Fatigue and tiredness
- Pain in the joints
- Neurological and muscular disorders
Herpes is a viral infection caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). There are two types of herpes infection called Oral Herpes (HSV 1) and Genital Herpes (HSV 2). Oral herpes is the most common herpes that is found in most of the Americans. It affects the mouth and face while genital herpes infects the genital areas. Sharing lip balm, eating in the same utensils are some of the reasons for getting exposed to oral herpes. Genital herpes gets transmitted when you have unsafe sex with the infected person.
Herpes cannot be completely cured but the symptoms can be monitored, controlled, and managed. The following are the symptoms found in Herpes infected persons.
- Pain during urination
- Vaginal discharges
- Lymph nodes
- Loss of appetite
What are the symptoms of STDs in men and women?
Most people with an STI do not show or experience any signs or symptoms at the earlier stage of infection. So we recommend every sexually active young person to consult a physician if you suspect of having an STD or feeling the possibility of being exposed to it. Some of the common STD symptoms in men and women are
Symptoms in women
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Pain while urinating
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Pain in the back or lower abdomen
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
Symptoms in men
- Dark penile discharge
- Burning sensation during urination
- Swelling and pain in the testicles
- Anal itching
- Irritation in the penis
- Painful and irregular bowel movements
- Unexplained weight loss
- Joint pain
- Unusual sweat during the night
- Soreness in throat
How to check for STDs?
There are different tests available to check for sexually transmitted diseases. To get tested for STDs, your concerned physician may ask you to take a specific test depending on the sexual medical history you have and the symptoms you experience. You may be asked to take a blood or a urine sample or a sample taken using a cotton swab in the infected area such as mouth, throat, vagina, anus or penis.
Right time to test for STDs
For more accurate results, physicians recommend waiting for at least a week after the initial exposure but it also depends on the type of infection. Because some STDs like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea can be tested after a week of infection whereas HIV requires a minimum window period of 2 months to get tested. This window period is to ensure an accurate diagnosis.
Is there any preparation required before the STD testing?
No special preparation is required before the STD testing that requires a blood sample. Only STDs such as Chlamydia and Gonorrhea will require a urine sample. For taking the urine sample, it is compulsory to abstain from urinating for at least an hour before taking the sample. But there is no constraint on the diet.
Where to get tested for STDs?
You can get tested for STDs anywhere in Miami near you. You can book your test online, visit the nearest lab anytime during the lab working hours without any prior appointment. After you have taken the test, the test results will be confidentially emailed to you within 2 to 3 business days.
You can also get tested for STDs at your home using the STD home test kit, if you do not have time to visit the lab or if you feel inconvenient in taking the STD test at a commonplace i.e. STD clinic.
You can order your STD home test kit online, take the required sample by reading the instructions mentioned in the kit and post the sample back to the given address. The test results will be emailed to you within 3 to 5 working days. However, the turnaround of results depends on the receipt of the sample in the lab.
How are STDs treated?
STDs can be treated using antibiotics and antiviral drugs at their earlier stages of infection. Penicillin injection can be used to treat syphilis infection. It is very important to consume all the antibiotics prescribed by the physician even after you do not experience any symptoms. In the case of incurable STDs, anti-retroviral drugs are used to control and manage the symptoms.
Are STDs curable?
No, all STDs are not curable. Bacteria causing STDs like Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis can be cured at their earlier stages of infection. Viral infections like HIV, Herpes, and Hepatitis cannot be cured completely but can be controlled and managed. Once these viruses enter the body, they stay with you forever.
What are the methods to prevent STDs?
STDs cannot only be prevented by having safe and protected sex, but there are also other ways to prevent them that should be considered. They are
- Regular vaccinations and routine STD checks
- Using condoms or dental dams during sexual intercourse
- Practicing monogamy
- Making sure that your recent sex partners have been tested for STD
- Not sharing any towels and underclothing
To prevent reinfection, we recommend you to do a followup check after 1 month of your past treatment and never practice sex until you get cured completely.
If you are interested in some other articles from us, please check the below articles