Pregnancy is the most beautiful thing in every woman’s life. It is the time when she evolves, and realize how fragile and important life is. Pregnancy is the only blind date where you know you will meet the love of your life and every woman will be looking forward to this moment in their life.
But, not all women are fortunate enough to get pregnant in their first attempt. There may be setbacks like infertility, miscarriage, etc. But, this may not mean the end of the world. It happens due to the hormonal imbalance in your body. So if you are trying to get pregnant, then lookout for the following hormones to be sure that you get right this time.
Blood Test for Pregnancy Hormones
Progesterone is a type of hormone secreted by corpus luteum, a temporary endocrine gland in a female. Progesterone is also known as ‘the pregnancy hormone’ as it plays a vital role both before and during pregnancy.
It is secreted after the ovulation to thicken the uterine lining or endometrium that helps in creating a supportive environment in the uterus for a fertilized egg.
Normally, the level of progesterone drops during the menstrual cycle and increases when the eggs get released from the ovary.
So if the progesterone does not rise, then it indicates that you are not ovulating, and maybe the cause of infertility.
The low levels of progesterone also indicate the possibility of miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, irregular menstruation, etc. Thus, progesterone hormone testing is a crucial hormone test in the blood test for pregnancy.
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A progesterone test is done to examine the level of progesterone hormone in the blood that causes ovulation or other fertility problems.
2. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Follicle Stimulating Hormone or FSH is produced by the pituitary gland that is located at the base of the brain and is an important part of the reproductive system. It is responsible to regulate the functioning of the ovaries and testes.
FSH helps to maintain the menstrual cycle in women, and the development of the gonads (sex organ) in men. It also helps to stimulate sperm production in men.
An abnormal level of FSH in women will lead to incomplete development at puberty and poor ovarian function. It results in underdeveloped ovarian follicles which may not release enough eggs causing infertility.
And in men, an abnormal level of FSH may affect sperm production and thus causing infertility.
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3. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
Luteinizing hormone or LH is also produced by the pituitary gland. It works with the follicle-stimulating hormone, another hormone produced by the pituitary gland. LH is an important part of your menstrual cycle.
The LH level increases at the time of ovulation in women. So your doctor may check your LH levels several times to determine the ovulation which is the ideal time to get pregnant.
An abnormal level of LH may indicate a problem with your ovaries. The high level of LH indicates primary ovarian failure, while the low level indicates secondary ovarian failure. This may cause infertility.
LH is also produced in men but at a low level.
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The LH test is done to measure the level of LH in the blood. The LH levels in the blood indicate menstrual problems, fertility, and the onset of puberty.
4. Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH)
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is produced by the reproductive tissues in both men and women. This hormone is responsible to develop eggs produced by the ovary. AMH provides essential information about fertility, and the ability to get pregnant in women.
A woman’s ovaries can make thousands of eggs and the number declines as a woman gets older. The level of AMH indicates how many potential egg cells are left in a woman and this is called an ovarian reserve.
If the ovarian reserve is high, then the chance of women getting pregnant is high and vice versa. If you are having a hard time getting pregnant, then the AMH levels can help to show your chances of conceiving a baby.
AMH also plays a vital role in the development of sex organs in an unborn baby. The level of AMH can be used to predict the start of menopause and diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
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AMH test helps to determine the ovarian reserve and to know the cause of reduced egg count. Check out our detailed article on AMH Test Details which is a crucial blood test for pregnancy.
Prolactin is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland just like FSH and LH. It is primarily responsible to promote lactation (milk production) after giving birth.
This hormone is also important to both and women for reproduction. An abnormal level of prolactin hormone may result in reduced sex drive, disturbances to the menstrual cycle, or testosterone deficiency (in men).
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A prolactin test is done to detect any abnormalities in the prolactin levels in the body. Check out our detailed article on Prolactin Test Details and the importance of Prolactin Blood test for pregnancy.
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